Our donors’ egg cells meet international quality standards.
Some women cannot produce optimal egg cells for varying reasons. So we offer egg cells from carefully selected donors in order to fulfil the desire of having a child.
Excerpts from the Austrian Reproductive Medicine Act:
Egg cell donation was legalised in 2015 for women in the early menopause, or who lack sufficient egg cell reserves due to previous diseases. In such cases the donor may not be over 30 years of age and the recipient not over 45 years of age. Under this treatment, the donor’s egg cells are fertilised with male sperm and the embryos are returned to the recipient.
Children born this way have the right to know the identity of the female donor as of the age of 14. The same applies to treatments with donor sperm. Female donors are never under any obligation to pay maintenance. Furthermore, the egg cell donor is not permitted to demand payment for the donation due to the statutory commercialisation ban. The transfer and commercialisation of sperm and egg cell donations is prohibited. Third-party donations may be used in no more than three marriages, registered partnerships or cohabitation.
In other words, it is still illegal to store egg cells for one’s own purposes, unless a medical indication makes this necessary. Likewise, surrogacy also remains prohibited in Austria.
Egg cell selection
Voluntary donors must fulfil stringent criteria and meet regularly for check-ups. Consequently, freedom from infection, exclusion of hereditary diseases, integrity and fertility play a major role in our work, among other factors. The donor’s name always remains anonymous. She is not told which recipient gets her egg cell.
The so-called “vitrification” procedure first removes ten to twelve egg cells which are subsequently frozen using a special cooling technology. When shock frozen, the egg cells solidify like glass within a fraction of seconds at minus 197 degrees. Meanwhile, the bulk of recent research findings indicate that freezing does not reduce the quality of the egg cells.
Selection of the donor
The principle of similarity applies. Those who look similar have similar genes. Hence eye colour, complexion and hair colour as well as height and weight are crucial factors in selecting a suitable donor. Further key selection criteria include the highest school or academic achievements, skills and talents. The blood group of each partner is ascertained to ensure a family resemblance.
Risk for donor
The stimulation phase is well tolerated in most cases. Egg follicles growing in the ovary can cause a degree of discomfort. The risk of the procedure itself is very slight when ultra-short anaesthesia is used. In the 6,900 procurements carried out so far at the institute, there were two cases of local inflammation and one case of blood in the urine through a needlestick injury of the urinary bladder. The development of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome which primarily happens when pregnancy occurs in the course of therapy can be practically ruled out. Any possible mental stress is avoided by 24/7 access to a team of carers.
The donor shall receive EUR 90.00 in addition to the official mileage for any appointment that is required in the institute. For physical and psychological strain due to egg cell extraction and anaesthesia, we shall compensate slight, medium and serious complaints based on the rates set by the courts and depending on individual tolerance levels. Respectively, these are EUR 110.00, EUR 220.00 and EUR 330.00 per 24 hours as documented cash expenditure.
You are welcome to contact us by phone during our opening times on + 43 (0) 3136 55 111.
Potential target group: Women, usually over 40, who have had multiple IVF failures especially when poor egg cell quality is assumed as the cause, and women who run the risk of having an inheritable genetic disease which might severely impair their child. This indication can be clarified in advance using preimplantation genetic diagnosis. Previous chemotherapy, surgery on the ovaries or the absence of ovaries at birth are further reasons for considering an egg cell donation.
An initial, detailed conversation among the parties involved determines whether egg cell donation is the appropriate method of treatment. If the patient is a suitable recipient, her cycle is hormonally regulated and optimised for implantation. The menstrual cycle of the recipient must be synchronised during stimulation of the donor. A few days later the egg cells are extracted from the donor under anaesthesia and then artificially fertilised with the sperm of the male partner. The resulting embryos are inserted into the recipient.
Risk to recipient
In a recipient’s cycle the mucous membrane is prepared by the administration of hormone pills. This is followed by the transfer of an embryo. The psychological burden of the waiting period remains the same as if the recipient had used her own egg cells. The risk of chromosomal changes in the newborn is calculated according to the youth of the donor. Hence it is exponentially lower than the risk to recipients in terms of their youth.